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Operate a skid steer loader


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 262712)

A skid steer loader is a versatile machine used to dig, collect, lift and move material, particularly dirt and sand, and also grade, jackhammer cement and load trucks. Other popular activities that involve bobcats include site clean up, spreading material, road sweeping, backfill, load and removal material, turf preparation, slab preparation and more. Primarily used for digging, the skid steer is a versatile machine that is light and easily manoeuvred, with a range of attachments available for application. It’s commonly found in construction sites and its arms can utilise a range of tools for various landscaping functions. These machines are often nicknamed “bobcats”

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Demonstrating knowledge of the functions of a skid steer loader.
  • Planning for work activities and prepare work area.
  • Starting and shutting down skid steer loader.
  • Operating skid steer loader.
  • Transporting skid steer loader to and from site.


  • 5 Days Novice
  • 1 Day Re-certification



Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



The qualifying learner will be able to operate a skid steer loader by understanding the functions of starting, shutting down and operating procedures for the machine. Learners who master the applied competence described in this unit standard will contribute to the development of a professional community of Construction Plant operators. The area of focus of this course will be;

Function And Purpose Of A Skid Steer Loader

Different Types Of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

The Importance Of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Main Components Of The Skid Steer Loader

  • Skid Steer Loader Buckets

Machine Maintenance


  • Tyre Care
  • Causes Of Tyre Wear
  • Tyre Inflation
  • Daily Tyre Care
  • Tyre Checking

Different Types Of Gauges

  • Temperature Gauges
  • Pressure Gauges
  • Fuel Tank Level Gauges
  • Electrical System Charging Gauges
  • Hour Meter Gauges

Different Types Of Warning Devices

  • Warning Lights
  • Hooters
  • Buzzers
  • Back – Up Alarms

Machine Inspections And Procedures

  • The Walk Around Inspection
  • The Pre – Starting Checks
  • The Pre –Operating Checks
  • The Operating Checks
  • The Parking Procedure
  • The Shutdown Procedures

Skid Steer Loader Close Down Procedures

  • Shutting Down And Parking The ROLLER
  • Stopping The Machine
  • Parking
  • Stopping The Engine

General Skid Steer Loader Safety

  • Safety Rules

Site Rules

Skid Steer Loader Operating Techniques

Operator Compartments

  • Proper Entry And Exit

Use Of All Controls

  • Parking Brake
  • Steering Levers
  • Hydraulic Controls
  • Throttle Control

Working The Machine

  • Filling The Bucket
  • Emptying The Bucket
  • Digging Into The Ground
  • Leveling The Ground
  • Backfilling
  • Stopping The Engine
  • Parking

Intermittent Revving

Excessive Idling

Engine Exhaust Smoke Colour

Starting A Cold Engine

Engine Will Not Start

Transporting The Skid Steer Loader

  • How To Safely Load The Skid Steer Loader Onto A Transporter
  • What Aspects To Check For While Loading And Offloading The Skid Steer Loader
  • How To Off-Load The Skid Steer Loader From The Transporter
  • How To Position And Secure The Skid Steer Loader On The Transporter

Entry Level Requirements Into This Programme?

  • Certified copy of his/her ID document
  • School certificate Grade 7 (Std 5) or Skills certificate equivalent NQF Level 3
  • Be medically fit and in possession of a medical certificate..

Learning Assumed To Be In Place And Recognition Of Prior Learning

It is recommended that learners entering into a study of this unit standard will prove competence in the following to enable the achievement of this unit standard:

  • Communication at NQF Level 1.
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