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H.I.R.A Course



Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 259619)

HIRA is a process that consists of a number of sequential steps such as hazard identification, consequence & frequency assessment, risk estimation based on the existing controls and recommendations to reduce those risks which are not under acceptable limits.

Workplace inspections help prevent incidents, injuries and illnesses. Through a critical examination of the workplace, inspections help to identify and record hazards for corrective action. Health and safety committees can help plan, conduct, report and monitor inspections.

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Explain the relevant legal requirements to conduct Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) inspections
  • Planning Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) inspections
  • Conducting inspections to identify non-compliance in the workplace
  • Reporting on Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) inspections

COURSE DURATION: 1 Week Maximum or 2 days full time.



Quality Assured Partner: Transport Education And Training Authority

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Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (H.I.R.A) Learning Outcomes

The person credited with this course will be able to understand the legislation that applies to occupational health and safety; the impact that non-compliance would have in the workplace and understand the inspection protocols applicable to the workplace. Learners will also be able to carry out physical inspections and record, report and deal with the results of the inspection in order to implement corrective and preventative actions. The area of focus of this programme will be;

The Occupational Health And Safety Act (Act 85, 1993), As Amended

  • Section 8: General Duties Of Employers To Their Employees
  • Section 9: General Duties Of Employers And Self-Employed Persons To Persons Other Than Their Employees
  • Section 10: General Duties Of Manufacturers, Designers, Importers, Sellers Or Suppliers
  • Articles
  • Substances
  • Section 13: Duties To Inform
  • Section 14: General Duties Of Employees At Work
  • The In
  • Impact Of Non-Compliance On The Organisation
  • Section 37: Acts Or Omissions By Employees Or Mandataries
  • Section 38: Offences, Penalties And Special Order Of Court

Specific Inspection Requirements

  • Workplace Hazards And Risks

Labelling: Dangerous goods and substances

  • Incorrectly Labelled Or Unlabelled Containers
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
  • Toxic And Corrosive (Combustible) Substances
  • Radioactive Material (Low To High Level Radiation)
  • Flammable Liquids
  • Flammable Solids
  • Substances – Spontaneously Combustible – Toxic (Air-Reactive) Potential Hazards
  • Substances – (Water-Reactive) Potential Hazards
  • Oxidizers (Unstable) Potential Hazards
  • Organic Peroxides (Heat And Contamination Sensitive/Controlled) Potential Hazards
  • Substances – Toxic (Non-Combustibles) Potential Hazards
  • Infectious Substances Potential Hazards
  • Mixed Load/Unidentified Cargo Potential Hazards
  • Gases – Inert Potential Hazards
  • Gases – Flammable Corrosive Potential Hazards
  • Gases – Oxidizing Potential Hazards

Safety colours and symbols

  • Prohibition Signs
  • Warning Signs
  • Safe Condition Signs
  • Mandatory Action Signs
  • Typical Safety Signs: Examples

The Risk Associated With Workplace Hazardous Substances

Planning Occupational Health, Safety Inspections

Inspection Protocols

Preparing For Inspection

Additional Aspects Relating To Planning

  • Aspects To Examine
  • Workplace Elements
  • Types Of Hazards To Look Out For In A Workplace

Information To Include In An Inspection Report

  • Diagram Of Area
  • Equipment Inventory
  • Chemical Inventory
  • Inspection Team Members
  • Typical Inspection Duration
  • Frequency Of Inspections

Conducting Occupational Health And Safety Inspection

  • Observation
  • Inspection Principles

Risk Assessments

  • Basic Risk Assessment
  • Generic Risk Assessment
  • Detailed Assessment
  • Implementation Of The Outcome Of The Risk Assessment
  • Reviewing The Risk Assessment

The Risk Assessment

  • Structuring Risk Assessment
  • Considering Both Health And Physicochemical Risks

What To Consider When Assessing Health Risks

  • The Routes Of Entry By Which The Chemical Can Affect Your Health
  • The Physical Form And Concentration
  • The Chemical And Physical Properties Of The Substance

Determining Who Could Be Exposed, And When This Could Occur

  • How Often Is Exposure Likely To Occur And For How Long
  • What Is The Estimated Exposure To Hazardous Chemical

Complying With Exposure Standards

Assessing Physicochemical Risks

  • Fire And Explosion
  • Other Factors Affecting Fire And Explosion Risks
  • Off-Site Risks
  • Risks From Corrosive Substances
  • Compressed Gases
  • Asphyxiation Hazards
  • Compressed Air

Conducting A Risk Assessment

  • The Risk Assessment Process: An Overview

Hazard Assessment For (PPE)

  • (PPE) Hazard Assessment

Recording The Risk Assessment

  • Who does The Assessment
  • Seeking External Assistance

Occupational Health And Safety Inspection Report

Inspection Information Requirements

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Corrective Actions

Entry Level Requirements Into This Programme

  • Certified copy of your ID document.
  • School certificate Grade 10 or Skills certificate equivalent NQF Level 2

Learners accessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence in:

  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent

Target Audience

  • Employees and Committee Members.
  • Management and Supervisors.
  • SHE Representatives

Online Technical Requirements

The system requirements for the Moodle user are modest. All you really need is a solid, reliable internet connection and a modern web browser which can be downloaded within our eLearning platform.

Operating System

  • Windows: Windows vista or higher.
  • Macintosh: Mac OS X or higher.
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