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Telescopic Boom Handler C46


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 260781)

A telescopic handler, also called a telehandler, teleporter, reach forklift, or zoom boom, is a machine widely used in agriculture and industry. It is somewhat like a forklift but has a boom (telescopic cylinder), making it more a crane than a forklift, with the increased versatility of a single telescopic that can extend forwards and upwards from the vehicle. The boom can be fitted with different attachments, such as a bucket, pallet forks, muck grab, or winch.

This course will assist the learner in becoming a fully qualified Telescopic Boom Handler operator who has the knowledge, skills and experience to operate the Telescopic Handler in a safe and professional manner. This will allow certified users by adding value to any organization.

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Discuss and apply the regulatory framework for operating a telescopic boom handle
  • Describe the telescopic boom handler to be operated
  • Demonstrate mechanical awareness of the telescopic boom handler
  • Inspect the telescopic boom handler
  • Handle loads with a telescopic boom handler
  • Operate a telescopic boom handler


  • Novice: 5 Days
  • Refresher: 1 Day



Quality Assured Partner: Transport Education And Training Authority



Telescopic Handler Learning Outcomes

Operating a lifting machine takes place within a regulatory framework that seeks to ensure safety of the operator, the lifting machine and the lifting machine environment. Telescopic boom handlers are inherently dangerous; hence, their safe operation cannot be overstated. The learner will also acquire the competencies and skills to operate the components, systems and levers to accomplish the task of lifting and handling loads appropriately. The aspects of safety and communication during the lifting operation are covered. The area of focus of this programme will be;

Programme Introduction

Unit Standard Information

Legislative Requirements

  • General Duties Of Employers To Their Employees
  • General Duties Of Employers And Self-Employees Persons To Persons Other Than Their Employees
  • Duties To Inform
  • General Duties Of Employees At Work

General Safety Regulations 2

  • Personal Safety Equipment And Facilities
  • Intoxication
  • Admittance Of Persons

General Safety Regulations 8

  • Stacking Of Articles

Driven Machinery Regulations 18

  • Lifting Machines, Hand-Powered Lifting Devices And Lifting Tackle

Construction Regulations

  • Construction Vehicles And Mobile Plant

General Safety Regulations

National Code Of Practice

  • Programme Break-Down And Duration
  • Learners Without Prior Training Or Experience
  • Operators With Previous Certification (Re-Certification)

Managerial Responsibilities

Cranes Defined

  • Jib Cranes
  • Lifting Tackle

Crane Codes

General View Of The Telescopic Boom Handler (TBH)

Principles Of Telescopic Boom Handler Operations

Factors Contributing To TBH Stability

Basic Principles Of Stability

TBH’s And The See-Saw Principle

Centre Of Gravity & Combined Centre Of Gravity

The Stability Triangle

  • Without Stabilisers
  • With Stabilisers

Longitudinal And Dynamic Stability

  • Longitudinal Stability
  • Dynamic Stability

Driving On Ramps And Inclines

  • Correct Driving On Inclines
  • Incorrect Driving On Inclines

Centrifugal And Frictional Forces

Load Centering

  • Data And Capacity Plates
  • Load Charts

TBH Technical Information

Dimensions And Load Charts

  • Typical TBH Component View

TBH Transmission

  • Mechanical Transmission
  • Hydrostatic Transmission Advantages

Torque Converter

The Cabin

  • Instrument And Controls
  • Operator Seat
  • Safety Belt
  • Ignition Switch
  • Emergency Stop Button
  • Battery Cut-Off

Instrument Panel

  • Drivers Presence
  • Instrument Control Panel

Longitudinal Stability Alarm

Typical TBH Switches

Light Switches, Horn And Indicator Switch

Front And Rear Wind Screen Wiper Switch

Hydraulic Controls

Service Brake Pedals

Forward/Neutral/Reverse Gear Selection

Gear Lever

Steering Selection

Heater Control

  • Fan Control
  • Temperature Control
  • Air conditioning Control

Windscreen Demist Vents

Level Indicator

Steering Wheel Adjustment Lever

Document Holder

Front Lights

Rear Lights

Rotating Beacon

The Carrier

  • Towing Pin
  • Adjustable Projecting Hook

Electrical Connection

Brake System Connection


Electrical And Hydraulic Components

  • Telescopic System
  • Electrical Provision On Jib

Typical TBH Attachments

  • Attachment Connection
  • Removable Attachments
  • Example Of Removable Attachments

TBH Transportation

  • Centre Of Gravity
  • TBH On A Platform
  • Loading The TBH

TBH Inspections

Daily Inspections For TBH

  • Personal Protective Equipment

The Carrier

  • Engine Oil Level
  • Radiator Liquid Level
  • Radiator Cap
  • Radiator Core
  • Water Pump
  • Hoses, Pipes And Leaks
  • Fan Blades
  • Fuel Level
  • Fuel Filter
  • Air Filter
  • Transmission Oil

Wheels & Tyres

  • Tyres-Condition And Pressure
  • Brake System
  • Fuel System
  • Electrical Circuit
  • Battery Maintenance
  • Changing Batteries
  • Jump Starting The Engine

The Telescopic Boom

  • The Boom

Jib Pads

  • The Forks
  • Hydraulic System

General external checks

The Cabin

Operator’s Daily Checklist: TBH

Lifting Machinery: Record Of Inspection

TBH Operational Procedures

  • Operating Instructions
  • Starting The TBH
  • Operating Procedures
  • Closing Down Procedures

Freight Handling

Duty To Inform

Identifying And Classifying Freight

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS Documentation)

  • Employer Responsibility

Labelling: Dangerous Goods & Substances

  • Toxic And/Or Corrosive (Combustible) Substances
  • Radioactive Material (Low To High Level Radiation
  • Flammable Liquids (Polar/Water-Miscible) Potential Hazards
  • Flammable Solids-Toxic And/Corrosive Potential Hazards
  • Substances-Spontaneously Combustible-Toxic (Air-Reactive) Potential Hazards
  • Substances-Water-Reactive (Emitting Flammable And Toxic Gasses
  • Oxidizers (Unstable) Potential Hazards
  • Organic Peroxides (Heat And Contamination Sensitive/Temperature Controlled Potential Hazards
  • Substances-Toxic (Non-Combustible) Potential Hazards
  • Infectious Substances Potential Hazards
  • Mixed Load/Unidentified Cargo Potential Hazards
  • Gases-Inert Potential Hazards
  • Gases-Flammable-Corrosive Potential Hazards
  • Gases-Oxidizing (Including Refrigerated Liquids) Potential Hazards

Safety Colours And Symbols

  • Prohibition Signs
  • Warning Signs
  • Safe Condition Signs
  • Mandatory Action Signs
  • Typical Safety Signs: Examples

Pallets (Packaging)

Pallet Stacking Pattern

  • Block Stacking Pattern
  • Brick Stacking Pattern
  • Pin-Wheel Stacking Pattern
  • Irregular Stacking Patterns

Pallet stacking tips

Stacking Pallets

  • Block Stacking

Types Of Pallets

  • Returnable/Re-Usable Wooden Pallets
  • Double Face, Flash, Non-Reversible Pallets
  • Double Face, Flash, Reversible Pallets
  • Single Wing, Double Face, Non-Reversible Pallets
  • Double Wing, Double Face, Non-Reversible Pallets
  • Double Wing, Double Face, Reversible Pallets
  • Other Returnable Pallets
  • Cage Post/Pallets
  • Box Pallets/Pallet Containers
  • Pallet Collars

Freight Wrapping

  • Fragile And Non-Fragile Items
  • Crated/Pelleted/Boxed/Wrapped Items

Pallet Stacking Tips

Instruction For Handling Loads

  • Pelleted Loads
  • Irregular Loads
  • Uneven Loads
  • Weight Of Load And Centre Of Gravity
  • Longitudinal Stability Alarm
  • Lateral Horizontality
  • Lifting A Load From The Ground
  • Picking Up A High Load On Tyres
  • Laying Up A High Load On Tyres
  • Picking Up A Non-Palletised Load
  • Picking Up And Laying A High Load On Stabilisers
  • Picking Up A High Load On Stabilisers
  • Laying A High Load On Stabilisers

Pallet Loading Sequence

  • Open Trailer
  • Closed Container
  • Box Car

Vehicle Loading And Unloading

  • Loading Lorries Or Trailers
  • From The Ground
  • Offloading Lorries And Trailers

Rigging And Slinging

Lifting Tackle

  • Driven Machinery Regulation (DMR 18)

Determining Load Weights

  • Weight Tags
  • Waybills
  • Known Quantities
  • Tests Picks

Centre of Gravity

  • Location Of The Load (COG)

Chain Slings

  • Selecting A Chain For The Job
  • Chain Slings-Types
  • Using Chains And Chain Slings Safely And Correctly
  • Chain Working Load Limits (WLL)
  • Chains-Unusual Application
  • Chain Inspection
  • Chain, Chain Slings, Hooks And Shackles-3 Monthly Inspection

Wire Rope Slings

  • Wire Rope Slings-Types
  • Using Wire Ropes Safely And Correctly
  • Causes Of Deterioration
  • Wire Rope Working Load Limits
  • Wire Rope Inspection
  • Calculations
  • Fibre Ropes, Steel Wire Ropes, Slings, Hook And Shackles-3 Monthly Inspection

Polyester Webbing Slings

  • Types Of Polyester Webbing Lifting Slings
  • Polyester Webbing Sling Properties
  • Selection, Safe Use And Maintenance Of Polyester Slings
  • Safe Working Load (SWL) Of Polyester Slings
  • Recommendation For Inspection Of Polyester Slings For Detection Of Damage

Rigging Attachments

Eye Bolts And Ring Bolts

  • Lifting With Eye Bolts
  • Alignment Of Eye Bolts
  • Safe Working Loads Corresponding To Angle Of Pull


  • Alloy Bow Type Shackles
  • Large Dee With Screw Collar Pin Galvanised

Crosby Clamps

  • Green Pin-U.S. Fed Specification
  • Commercial
  • Recommended Methods Of Applying Crosby Clamps
  • Rope Clips
  • Incorrect Methods Of Applying Wire Rope Clips


  • Eye One End Hook Other End


  • Ordinary Galvanised
  • Standard Commercial Galvanised


  • Hook Inspection

Wire Rope Blocks

  • Calculation: Parts Of Line Required

Rope Reeving

  • Symmetrical (Balanced) Reeving
  • Eccentric (Unbalanced) Reeving


General Information

  • Eccentric Loading

Slings And Safe Working Load Sling Configuration

  • Single Vertical Hitch
  • Bridle Hitch
  • Single Basket Hitch
  • Double Basket Hitch
  • Double Wrap Basket Hitch
  • Single Chocker Hitch
  • Double Chocker Hitch
  • Double Wrap Chocker Hitch
  • Endless Slings Or Grommet Slings

Sling Angles

  • Effect Of Sling Angle On Sling Load

Operator Communication Skill

Standard Hand Signals


Requirements For Hand Signals

  • Start & Stop
  • Selection Of Hoists
  • Raising And Lowering Of Hook
  • Movement
  • Travel Of Crane
  • General Movement
  • Overhead Crane Horn (Hooter) Signals

Two-Way Radio

Semaphore Flag Signals

  • The Semaphore Alphabet

Telescopic Boom Handler General Safety

General Safety Regulation (GSR)

The Carrier

  • Rear Visibility
  • Pinch Points
  • Parking
  • Illumination
  • Slipping
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Engine
  • Railings
  • Boarding The Operator’s Compartment
  • Safety Belt
  • Steering Wheel
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Mirrors
  • Pedals

Telescopic Boom

  • Forks
  • Other Attachments
  • Pre-Use Inspection
  • The Forks/Attachments
  • Cylinders
  • The Forks/Attachment Transportation
  • Carrying Forks/Attachments Too High
  • Other People
  • Stabilisers

Safety Factors During Operations

  • Speed
  • Operator’s Impairment
  • Confined Spaces
  • Overloading
  • Unbalanced Loads
  • Brake Failure
  • Sharp Bends/Curves
  • Gases/Fumes & Confined Spaces
  • Sharp Braking
  • Driving On Different Terrains
  • Overhead Clearance
  • Elevated Loads
  • Parking Brake
  • Using One Fork To Elevate Loads
  • Unauthorized Use
  • Loading On A Incline
  • Falling Objects
  • No Passengers
  • Hot Radiator Fluids
  • Electrocution
  • Hazardous Area
  • Hydraulic Leaks
  • Oil Pressure
  • Driving With Foot On Brake Pedal
  • The Engine
  • Reversing While Moving
  • Push Start
  • Towing The Machine

Safety In General

  • Counterweight Value
  • Environment

Care And Maintenance Of Your Fire Extinguishers

  • Fire Extinguisher Inspection
  • Fire Extinguisher Maintenance
  • How A Fire Extinguisher Works
  • Types Of Fire Extinguishers
  • How Fire Works
  • Basic Fire-Fighting Tips
  • How To Fight A Fire Safely
  • Never Fight A Fire When
  • What To Do When Your Clothes Catch Fire

General Safety

Centre Your Loads

Loose Loads

  • Wide And Long Loads
  • Handling
  • Visibility
  • Driving The TBH On Public Roads
  • Driving The TBH With A Front-Mounted Attachments
  • Operating The TBH With A Trailer

Loading Platforms/Dock Boards

  • Dock Board Types
  • Dock Levelling Device Safety

Entry level requirements into this programme?

All new entrants intended under this code (Novice or Re-licensing) shall provide training institution with the required documents as specified under the National Code Of Practice (NCOP No 43835) Promulgated 23 October 2020

  • An employer declaration or medical certificate confirming the medical fitness of the learner to undergo the intended training
  • An eye test results issued by a person trained to carry out such tests
  • All new entrants intended under this code will be required to hold at least a Grade 12 (Std 10) or National Qualifications Framework level 4 (Mathematics literacy and English) or equivalent
  • Learners shall provide training institution with a valid certified copy of his/her Identity Document
  • Employers must provide a valid copy of Telescopic boom Handler Load Test Certificate
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