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Basic Fire Fighting


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg.No 12484)

The course takes learners through the subject of fire on a step by step basis, from initial basic knowledge on the ways fire develops, and what can accelerate it, to more advanced modes of protection, including what type of fire equipment should be applied to varying kinds of fire.

However, it’s important that you don’t stop there. Instead, it is hugely beneficial to provide professional fire safety training for your staff, or chosen designated employees, ensuring that they have the knowledge to respond safely and effectively in the event of a fire.

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Discuss and explain procedures for dealing with fires in the workplace
  • Identify the type of fire, its context and select the appropriate fire-fighting procedures
  • Identify, select and check appropriate fire-fighting and safety equipment
  • Fighting containable/extinguishable fires
  • Retreat from fire site and hand over to appropriate personnel
  • Report/record status of fire and equipment




Quality Assured Partner: Transport Education And Training Authority



Basic Fire Fighting Learning Outcomes

Most fire safety courses offer a mix of classroom-based learning and practical training experience, educating candidates on how to respond in the event of an emergency, how to use fire protection equipment (such as fire extinguishers), how different types of fire can start and the best ways to combat these fires. The area of focus of this programme will be;

Programme introduction

Legislative Requirements

  • Legislation Applicable To Employers
  • General Duties Of Employers To Their Employees
  • General Duties Of Employers And Self-Employees Persons To Persons Other Than Their Employees

Legislations Applicable To Employees

  • General Duties Of Employees At Work

Introduction To Fire Fighting

Define Fire

The Fire Triangle

  • Common Fuel Sources
  • Oxygen Sources

Forms Of Combustion

  • Combustion By-Product

Fire Classes

Fire-Fighting Equipment

  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Fire Extinguisher Components
  • Types Of Fire Extinguishers
  • Care And Maintenance Of Your Fire Extinguishers

Fire Buckets

  • Safety Issues

Fire Fighting Safety Equipment

  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA’s)
  • Closed Circuit (SCBA’s)
  • Open Circuit (SCBA’S)
  • Typical (SCBA) Components
  • Limitation of (SCBA’s)

Fire Blankets

Protective Clothing

Safety Signs And Symbols

  • Fire-Related Safety Symbols

Fighting Fires

The Emergency Scene

  • Fire Fighters Task Relating To The Emergency Scene

The Emergency Site

  • Arriving At The Emergency Scene
  • Typical Hazards
  • Attacking A Fire
  • Alerting The Emergency Services
  • Procedure To Follow When Contacting Emergency Services

Measuring Fire

Extinguishing A Fire

  • The Fire Tetrahedron

Extinguishment Considering The Fire Tetrahedron

  • Starvation
  • Smothering
  • Cooling

Preventing Fire Spread

  • Convection
  • Conduction
  • Radiation
  • Combination Of All Three Methods
  • Breaking The Chain Reaction

Combustible Hazards

Factors Affecting Fire And Explosion Risks

  • Form And Physical State
  • Temperature And Pressure
  • Confinement
  • Fire Risks Involving Chemical Oxidizers
  • Fire Risks From Other Chemical Reactions
  • Dust Explosion Risks
  • Effect Of Particle Size On Dust Explosion Risk

Means Of First Intervention

Using A Fire Extinguisher

  • How A Fire Extinguisher Works
  • Guidelines For Handling Fire Extinguishes

Extinguish Fires

Extinguishing Electrical Fires

  • Electrical Hazards And Safeguards
  • Fire-Fighting Procedures

Extinguishing Gas Fires

  • Approach
  • Basic Precaution
  • Fire-Fighting Procedure
  • Fire, Explosion And Toxic Conditions

Emergency And Fire-Related Procedures

  • Prevent Panic
  • Fire Prevention And Protection
  • Basic Housekeeping
  • Fire Hazards
  • Plant Plan

Why Do You Record And Report Fires


Entry Level Requirements Into This Programme?

  • Certified copy of your ID document
  • School certificate Grade 7 or Skills certificate equivalent NQF Level 1

Learning Assumed To Be In Place And Recognition Of Prior Learning:

  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or equivalent
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent

Target Audience

All employees responsible for workplace firefighting and appointed workplace firefighters

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