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Operate an articulated dump truck


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 262745)

What is an Articulated Dump Truck? the articulated dump/tipper truck. compared to the rigid dump truck, can handle rough and unruly terrain and weather, along with lower ceiling heights, restricted turning radiuses and narrow roads. However, with increasing use of this equipment there has been an increasing trend of these vehicles being involved in overturn incidents.

When operated and maintained by competent drivers, in a properly designed and maintained environment, ADT overturns are a wholly preventable occurrence.

Successful learner of this standard will be able to;

  • Demonstrating knowledge of the functions of an articulated dump truck.
  • Planning for work activities and prepare work area.
  • Starting and shutting down articulated dump truck.
  • Operating articulated dump truck.
  • Transporting articulated dump truck to and from site.


  • 5 Days Novice
  • 1 Day Re-certification



Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



The qualifying learner will be able to operate an articulated dump truck by understanding the functions of starting, shutting down and operating procedures for the machine. Learners who master the applied competence described in this course will contribute to the development of a professional community of Construction Plant operators. The area of focus of this programme will be;

Articulated Dump Truck Operator

Functions Of An Articulated Dump Truck

Articulated Dump Truck Components

Personal Protective Equipment An Articulated Dump Truck Operator May Be Required To Use

Plan Work Activity And Prepare Work Area

  • Planning Our Work Activities
  • Receiving Instructions
  • Interpreting The Work Instructions
  • Documentation

Preparing The Work Area

  • Assessing The Work Area
  • Checking For Potential Health And Safety Risks
  • Identifying Fixtures That Need To Be Removed Or Protected

Articulated Dump Truck Checks, Starting, Shutting Down And Parking

Different Checks An Operator Must Do On A Articulated Dump Truck

  • The Walk Around Inspection
  • The Pre – Starting Checks
  • The Pre –Operating Checks
  • The Operating Checks
  • The Parking Procedure
  • The Shutdown Procedures

Different Gauges We Find On Articulated Dump Truck

  • Temperature Gauges
  • Pressure Gauges
  • Fuel Tank Level Gauges
  • Electrical System Charging Gauges
  • Hour Meter Gauges

Different Types Of Warning Devices

  • Warning Lights
  • Hooters
  • Buzzers
  • Back – Up Alarms
  • Electronic/Computer Monitoring System

How To Perform The Checks And Why

How To Perform The Checks

How To Start And Shut Down An Articulated Dump Truck

Shutting Down And Parking The Articulated Dump Truck

  • Parking
  • Stopping The Articulated Dump Truck
  • Stopping The Engine

Articulated Dump Truck Maintenance

  • Engine Maintenance

Articulated Dump Truck General Operational Safety Aspects

  • Operator Compartments
  • Safety Rules
  • Site Rules
  • Working the Articulated Dump Truck
  • Mounting and Dismounting
  • Preliminary tests
  • Operating Defensively

Articulated Dump Truck Operation

  • Lifted Load Body
  • Exposed High Voltage Cables

Demonstrate knowledge on Operating the Articulated Dump Truck

  • Brakes And Braking
  • The Hydraulic Retarder
  • The Service Brake
  • The Parking Brake

Driving the Articulated Dump Truck

  • Driving Uphill
  • Driving Downhill
  • Off-Road Driving

Working the Articulated Dump Truck

  • Loading
  • Hauling
  • Dumping
  • Empty Return

Loading Methods

  • V – Shape method
  • L – Shape method
  • T – Shape method

Intermittent Revving

Excessive Idling

Engine Exhaust Smoke Colour

Starting a Cold Engine

Documenting The Machine Use, Report And Communicate Information

  • The Importance Of Documenting The Machine Use
  • Reporting Faults And Problems With The Machine
  • Communicating Information
  • Other Role-Players

Transporting the Articulated Dump Truck

  • Aspects An Operator Must Consider When Loading The Articulated Dump Truck For Transportation
  • How To Correctly Load And Position The Articulated Dump Truck On The Transporter

Why A Professional Operator Should Have A Positive Attitude To His / Her Work

Operator Positive And Good Attitude

Operator Should Be Able To Identify And Solve Problems

Operator Should Be Able To Communicate And Be A Team Player In The Work Place

Entry level requirements into this programme?

All new entrants intended under this code (Novice or Re-licensing) shall provide training institution with the required documents.

  • An employer declaration or medical certificate confirming the medical fitness of the learner to undergo the intended training
  • An eye test results issued by a person trained to carry out such tests
  • All new entrants intended under this code will be required to hold at least a Grade 7 (Std 5) school certificate and are at least 18 years of age.
  • Learners shall provide training institution with a valid certified copy of his/her Identity Document.
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