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Operate a tractor


Unit Standard 262804

tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of towing a trailer or machinery such as that used in agriculture, mining or construction. Most commonly, the term is used to describe a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage, but nowadays a great variety of tasks.

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Demonstrating knowledge of the functions of a tractor.
  • Planning for work activities and prepare work area.
  • Starting and shutting down tractor.
  • Operating tractor.
  • Transporting tractor to and from site.


  • 5 Days Novice
  • 1 Day Re-certification

NQF LEVEL: Level 2

CREDITS: 8 Credits

Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



The qualifying learner will be able to operate a tractor by understanding the functions of starting, shutting down and operating procedures for the machine. Learners who master the applied competence described in this course will contribute to the development of a professional community of Construction Plant operators. The area of focus of this course will be;

Demonstrate knowledge of the functions of a tractor.

Parts & Functions

  • ROPS Cab
  • Fuel Tank
  • Fuel Tank Filler Cap
  • Hydraulic Outlet Port
  • Engine Side Panels
  • Tool Box
  • Battery Isolator
  • Axle Options
  • Hydraulic Oil Reservoir Fillet Cap
  • Hydraulic Reservoir

Controls & Instruments Overview

TouchSet Control Panel Controls And Indicators

  • Command Centre Panel
  • Electronic Monitoring System (EMS)
  • Basic EMS Symbols
  • EMS Warning Categories / Level 1
  • EMS Warning Categories / level 2
  • EMS Warning Categories / Level 3

Other Gauges & Indicators on the Instrument Panel

  • Temperature Gauges
  • Light Switches
  • Windshield Wiper / Washer
  • Heating & Air Conditioning Controls
  • Floor Heater Control Switch
  • Fan Control
  • Temperature Control
  • Heating & Air Conditioning System Operation

Demonstrate knowledge of the Functions of a Tractor

Operate Tractor

Transport Tractor to and From Site

  • Tractor Safety
  • Destined Use of a Tractor
  • General Safety Information

The Ten Commandments of Tractor Safety

  • Know Your Tractor
  • Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS)
  • Safety Labels
  • Well Fitted Protective Clothing
  • Know in Advance The Work Area
  • Competent Operator
  • No Riders Rule
  • Presence of Children
  • Starting the Tractor
  • Speeding

Stormy Weather

Power Take-Off (PTO)

  • Tractor Shutdown

The Tractor And its Attachments In General

  • Mower Safety
  • Rotary Tiller Safety
  • Dozer Safety
  • Trencher Safety
  • Loader Safety
  • Backhoe Safety

Machine Transporting Safety – Loading And Unloading


Machine Towing Safety

Precaution For maintenance – Warning Tag

Keep Workplace Clean And Tidy

Appoint Leader When Working With Others

Stop Engine Before Carrying Out Maintenance

Two Workers For Maintenance When Engine Is Running



Work Under The Machine


Precaution When Using Hammer

Repair Welding

Removing Battery Terminal

Precaution When Working With Oil

Handling High-Pressure Hoses

Waste Materials

Compressed Air

Periodic Replacement Of Safety Critical Parts

  • Precaution With Tyres
  • Precaution When Storing Tyres

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Road Signs


Plan for Work Activities and Prepare Work Area.

  • Daily Checks
  • Pre-Start Checks
  • Start-Up Checks
  • Daily Pre-Start Checklist

Shutting Down The Tractor

  • Normal Procedure

Logbooks and Other Checklists

Demonstrate knowledge of the Functions of a Tractor

  • Principles Of Operations
  • Precautions When Operating

Mechanical Appreciation – Engine

  • Transmission or Gearbox
  • Differential and Final Drives
  • Steering Systems
  • Hydraulic System
  • Fuel System
  • Electrical Systems
  • Braking System
  • Cooling System

Proximity of Other Machines

Attachments Components

Warning Devices

  • Warning Signals
  • Warning Operations
  • Safety Features


Plan for Work Activities and Prepare Work Area

Start and Shutdown Tractor

Practical Operation

  • Before Starting the Tractor
  • Stopping the Engine
  • Leaving the Machine

General Driving Hazards

  • Stationary Hazards
  • Moving Hazards
  • Proximity Hazards
  • Ground Hazards

The System of Vehicle Control

Learner Practical Exercises

  • Learner Must Identify the Main Parts of a Tractor
  • Learner Must Manoeuvre the Tractor Safely Into & Out of Position
  • Setting Up the Tractor
  • Learner to Perform a Given Specific Task
  • Learner Must Manoeuvre Through / Around Various Obstacles

Entry level requirements into this programme?

All new entrants intended under this code (Novice or Re-licensing) shall provide training institution with the required documents.

  • An employer declaration or medical certificate confirming the medical fitness of the learner to undergo the intended training
  • An eye test results issued by a person trained to carry out such tests
  • All new entrants intended under this code will be required to hold at least a Grade 9 (Std 7) school certificate and are at least 18 years of age.
  • Learners shall provide training institution with a valid certified copy of his/her Identity Document
  • Certified copy of learners drivers license if will be using Tractor on public roads
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