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Provide risk-based primary emergency care/first aid in the workplace (Level 2)


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 120496)

This course will be useful for employees to enable them to provide primary emergency care (first aid) in response to an occupational risk induced or any health emergency in their specific workplaces. This unit standard covers the recognition and management of the emergencies for adults, children and infants according to current and accepted emergency care protocols and principle

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Demonstrate the principles of primary emergency care
  • Assess and control a single injury emergency scene in the workplace
  • Demonstrate primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants
  • Explain and manage shock
  • Carry out secondary assessment of the sick or injured person and provide appropriate primary emergency care at the scene
  • Keep records of the incident/accident




Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



This course will be useful for employees to enable them to provide primary emergency care (first aid) in response to an occupational risk induced or any health emergency in their specific workplaces. The area of focus of this course will be;


  • What is first aid
  • What are first aid requirements
  • What does the legislation say
  • What documentation is required
  • What should all employees know about first aid
  • Do I need to do a hazard assessment for first aid

The aims of primary emergency care are identified in the evidence

Personal protective devices and infectious disease prevention procedures (universal precautions), used during treatment of casualties, are identified and their purpose and application correctly described and demonstrated

Steps to universal precautions

  • Education
  • Hand washing
  • Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))
  • Cleaning of contaminated surfaces
  • Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material
  • Others health hazard and preventions

Types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Hearing protection
  • Head protection
  • Eye protection
  • Foot protection

The content of the relevant primary emergency care/first aid kit

  • First aid kit as specified by Netcare 911

The maintenance and storage of the relevant risk based primary emergency care kit

  • First aid kits
  • Design of kits
  • Location of kits
  • Restocking and maintaining kits
  • First aid signs
  • Other first aid equipment
  • Defibrillators
  • Eye wash and shower equipment
  • Shower facilities
  • First aid facilities
  • First aid rooms
  • Health centres

Assess and manage an emergency scene in the workplace

  • Emergencies identified by the workplace hazard analysis
  • Emergency response exercises
  • Emergency warnings
  • Providing assistance to people
  • People who may require assistance
  • Instructions
  • Emergency response personnel
  • Emergency response personnel may be identified through

The principles of emergency scene management

  • Emergency plan
  • What is the overall objective of the plan
  • What is a vulnerability assessment
  • What are technological and natural hazards
  • Events or decisions that should be considered
  • Elements of the emergency plan
  • Objectives of the plan
  • Organization
  • Procedures in an emergency
  • Testing and Revision of the plan

What is the Golden Hour

  • The Grey Area of the Golden Hour
  • The Golden (Hour) Rule

Rescue breathing is explained and demonstrated according to accepted protocols

  • Choking
  • Breathing
  • Heart Attacks

Cardio-Pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

  • Mouth to Nose Resuscitation
  • Mouth to Mask Resuscitation

Recovery position

  • Treatment Recommendation

Bleeding is controlled according to current protocols using direct pressure/bandages or suitable materials.

  • Bleeding
  • Severe bleeding

Shock and its Management

  • Conditions in which shock is seen
  • Recognising Shock
  • Managing Shock

Anaphylactic shock is identified, explained and managed symptomatically according to accepted protocols

  • Anaphylaxis and what to do
  • Causes and triggers of anaphylaxis
  • How to preventing further exposure
  • Who is affected

Immobilisation and transporting techniques for persons with neck and/or spinal injuries

  • Main mechanisms in spinal cord injury
  • Managing a Suspected Spinal Injury
  • Techniques of immobilisation and patient handling
  • Prehospital
  • In-hospital
  • Transfer to Secondary Units

Fractures, dislocations and sprains immobilized in the position of most comfort to the affected person

  • Dislocations
  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Fractured Kneecap
  • Fractured Forearm

Head injuries and levels of consciousness are recognised, monitored and managed

Wounds are managed according to current accepted protocols

Burn wounds are managed according to current accepted practices

  • What are burns
  • How to care for a burn injury

Thermal stress

  • Heat stress
  • Thermal discomfort

Poisoned patients managed according to current accepted protocols

  • Vomiting

Records of the incident/accident

  • Risk Management: Incidents / accidents
  • Claims Handling

Maintain a claims record

.Entry Level Requirements Into This Programme?

  • Certified copy of your ID document
  • School certificate Grade 9 or Skills certificate equivalent NQF Level 1
  • In order for the learner to achieve this unit standard the learner must already be competent in Unit Standard ID 119567Perform basic life support and first aid procedures

Learning Assumed To Be In Place And Recognition Of Prior Learning:

  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or ABET Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1.

Target Audience

All companies that want to ensure their employees are equipped to deal with any emergency situations that will require first aid, and ensure legal compliance


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