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Operate a tip truck


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 262734)

A dump truck, known also as a dumper truck or tipper truck, is used for transporting dumps (such as sand, gravel, or demolition waste) for construction as well as coal. Operators must be licensed and in possession of a competency certificate to operate a tip truck on any construction site.

Successful candidates credited with this unit standard are able to:

  • Demonstrating knowledge of the functions of a tip truck.
  • Planning for work activities and prepare work area.
  • Starting and shutting down tip truck.
  • Operating tip truck.
  • Transporting tip truck to and from site.


  • 5 Days Novice
  • 1 Day Re-certification



Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



The qualifying learner will be able to operate a tip truck by understanding the functions of starting, shutting down and operating procedures for the machine. Learners who master the applied competence described in this unit standard will contribute to the development of a professional community of Construction Plant operators. The area of focus of this course will be;

Functions Of A Tip Truck

Identify Tip Truck Components And Explain Their Function And Purpose

Explain What Personal Protective Equipment A Tip Truck Operator May Be Required To Use

Tip Truck Checks, Starting, Shutting Down And Parking

Different Checks An Operator Must Do On A Tip Truck

  • The Walk Around Inspection
  • The Pre – Starting Checks
  • The Pre –Operating Checks
  • The Operating Checks
  • The Parking Procedure
  • The Shutdown Procedures

Different Gauges We Find On Tip Trucks

  • Temperature Gauges
  • Pressure Gauges
  • Fuel Tank Level Gauges
  • Electrical System Charging Gauges

Different Types Of Warning Devices

  • Warning Lights
  • Hooters
  • Buzzers
  • Back – Up Alarms

How To Perform The Checks And Why

How To Perform The Checks

How To Start And Shut Down A Tip Truck

  • Shutting Down And Parking The Tip Truck
  • Parking
  • Stopping The Engine

How To Park A Tip Truck

Tip Truck Maintenance

General Tip Truck Safety

  • Safety Rules
  • Site Rules
  • Working The Tip Truck
  • Correct Method Of Mounting And Dismounting

Preliminary Tests

  • The Preliminary Brake Test
  • The Preliminary Steering Test

Operating Defensively

Tip Truck Operation

Lifted Load Body

Exposed High Voltage Cables

Operating The Tip Truck

Tip Truck Brakes And Braking

  • The Hydraulic Retarder (Brake)
  • The Service Brake
  • The Parking Brake

Driving The Tip Truck

  • Driving Downhill
  • Off-Road Driving

Working The Tip Truck


  • V–Shape Method
  • L–Shape Method
  • T–Shape Method



The Empty Return

Intermittent Revving

Excessive Idling

Engine Exhaust Smoke Colour

Starting a Cold Engine

Document The Tip Truck Use, Report And Communicate Information

  • The Importance Of Documenting The Tip Truck Use
  • Reporting Faults And Problems With The Tip Truck
  • Communicating Information To Other Role-Players

Operator Should Have A Positive Attitude To His / Her Work

Positive And Good Attitude

Operator Must Be A Team Player

Operator Should Be Able To Identify And Solve Problems

Operator Should Be Able To Communicate In The Work Place


Entry level requirements into this programme?

All new entrants intended under this code (Novice or Re-licensing) shall provide training institution with the required documents.

  • An employer declaration or medical certificate confirming the medical fitness of the learner to undergo the intended training
  • An eye test results issued by a person trained to carry out such tests
  • All new entrants intended under this code will be required to hold at least a Grade 9 (Std 7) school certificate and are at least 18 years of age.
  • Learners shall provide training institution with a valid certified copy of his/her Identity Document
  • Certified copy of learners drivers license if will be using Tip Truck on public roads
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