skip to Main Content

Operate a grader


Unit Standard (SAQA Reg. No 262735)

The grader, also known as motor grader or road grader, is described as heavy-duty machine that is used in different industry sectors. However, the graders are most commonly used in the construction and mining sites for creating smooth and flat surface.

Motor grader operator training can give operators the foundational skills they need to operate graders safely and effectively. Uncertified operators can endanger themselves and others. They can also put company property and operations at risk.

Successful learner of this standard will be able to;

  • Demonstrating knowledge of the functions of a grader.
  • Planning for work activities and preparing work area.
  • Starting and shutting down grader.
  • Operating grader.
  • Transporting grader to and from site.


  • 5 Days Novice
  • 1 Day Re-certification



Quality Assured Partner: Construction Education And Training Authority



The qualifying learner will be able to operate a grader by understanding the functions of starting, shutting down and operating procedures for the machine. Learners who master the applied competence described in this unit standard will contribute to the development of a professional community of Construction Plant operators. The area of focus of this programme will be;

What Is A Grader

Grader Function

Types Of Graders

Personal Protective Clothing And Equipment

Care For Personal Protective Clothing And Equipment

Identify The Different Components Found On A Grader

  • Grader Scarifier
  • Grader Ripper

Identify The External And Internal Components Of A Typical Grader Engine

  • The Engine
  • What Is An Internal Combustion Engine
  • The Main Components Of An Engine

Explain The Difference Between Petrol And Diesel Engines

Engine Maintenance

  • The Fuel System
  • The Hydraulic System
  • Hydraulic Tank
  • Double Acting Cylinders
  • Single Acting Cylinders
  • Hydraulic System Safety

The Electrical System

Battery Safety, Care And Maintenance

The Master Switch

  • Fuses

The Braking System

  • Service Brakes
  • Park Brakes
  • Supplementary Brakes

The Power Train

Typical Motor Grader Type Power Train

Powershift Transmissions

The Cooling System Explained

  • Liquid Cooling

The Main Components Of The Liquid Cooling System

Checking The Cooling System

Overheating Causes


  • Tyre Care
  • Causes Of Tyre Wear
  • Tyre Inflation
  • Daily Tyre Care
  • Tyre Checking

Different Types Of Gauges

  • Temperature Gauges
  • Pressure Gauges
  • Fuel Tank Level Gauge
  • Electrical System Charging Gauges
  • Hour Meter Gauge

Different Types Of Warning Devices

  • Warning Systems
  • Electronic/Computer Monitoring System
  • Warning Lights
  • Hooters
  • Buzzers
  • Back–Up Alarms

Different Warning Levels Found On Electronic And Computer Monitoring Systems

  • Warning Levels Explained

Identify The Different Symbols Found On Electronic And Computer Monitoring Systems

Explain Why The Operators Compartment Must Be Kept Clean, Neat And Tidy

Grader Cab

  • Steering Controls
  • Pedal Controls
  • Direction Selectors
  • Implement Or Attachment Controls
  • Attachment Controls
  • Brake Pedal And Parking Brake
  • Supplementary Brakes

Grader Checks

  • The Walk Around Inspection
  • The Pre – Starting Checks
  • The Pre –Operating Checks
  • The Operating Checks
  • The Parking Procedure
  • The Shutdown Procedure

Shutting Down And Parking The Grader

  • Stopping The Grader
  • Parking
  • Stopping The Engine

General Grader Safety

Safety Rules

Site Rules

Explain And Operate The Grader

  • Blade Control
  • Sideshift The Blade
  • Lift The Blade
  • Rotate The Circle
  • Reverse The Blade
  • Circle Sideshift
  • Blade Pitch
  • Blade High Lift
  • Grader Blade Angle
  • Blade Carry Position

Operate The Grader And Perform All The Basic Operations

  • Front Wheel Lean Function
  • Articulation
  • Grading
  • Cutting
  • Pushing
  • Spreading
  • Mixing

Finished Grading

  • Ditches
  • Mark Out The Ditch
  • First Ditch Cut
  • Move The Windrow Over
  • Repeat Ditch Cuts
  • Grade Ditch Outslope
  • Ditch Finishing
  • Flat Bottom Ditches
  • Ditch Cleaning


  • Forming A Windrow
  • Handling A Windrow
  • The Right Way
  • The Wrong Way

Spreading A Windrow And Finishing

Bank Sloping

  • Steep Banks
  • Wide Slopes
  • Terrace Construction
  • Grading Curves
  • Grading Around Obstacles

Using The Scarifier

Getting Out When Stuck

Intermittent Revving

Excessive Idling

Engine Exhaust Smoke Colour

Starting A Cold Engine

Explain How To Safely Load The Grader Onto A Transporter

Explain What Aspects To Check For While Loading And Off Loading The Grader

Explain How To Off-Load The Grader From The Transporter

Explain How To Position And Secure The Grader On The Transporter

Entry level requirements into this programme?

All new entrants intended under this code (Novice or Re-licensing) shall provide training institution with the required documents as specified under the National Code Of Practice (NCOP No 43835) Promulgated 23 October 2020

  • An employer declaration or medical certificate confirming the medical fitness of the learner to undergo the intended training
  • An eye test results issued by a person trained to carry out such tests
  • All new entrants intended under this code will be required to hold at least a Grade 9 (Std 7) school certificate and are at least 18 years of age.
  • Learners shall provide training institution with a valid certified copy of his/her Identity Document
Back To Top